Realty Income, the Monthly Dividend Company

Realty Income Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

The following is broken into six categories. Click on a category below to view the associated Frequently Asked Questions.


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Realty Income Business Questions


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What kind of properties do we own?
    • We generally own properties that are leased to retail businesses or other commercial enterprises
    • The properties are typically freestanding structures (not attached to another building as in a shopping mall or strip center) - properties like convenience stores, restaurants, movie theaters, and automotive parts and services, to mention just a few
    • Generally, we own them under triple net leases where the tenant pays the taxes, maintenance and insurance
How much does occupancy vary for the properties we own?
    • Since 1969, when the company was founded, our occupancy has never been below 98.3% at year-end, so our occupancy has tended to be very stable
    • Just because we have been successful for the past 45 years does not mean there are no risks. Please read about risk on the Risk page.
How long are our leases?
    • We generally look for 15 to 20-year lease agreements with our tenants
    • We don't do speculative development of commercial real estate
How many properties do we own and where are they located?
    • We owned 4,263 properties as of 6/30/14
    • The properties are located throughout 49 states and Puerto Rico
    • You can view the number of properties in each state by viewing this geographic diversification table.
How do we find properties to purchase?
    • We have a team of executives who have relationships with and contact individual retail chains and other commercial enterprises, real estate developers, brokers, private equity firms and investment banks, to uncover real estate acquisition opportunities for us to review
What is a "cap rate" and why does it matter?
    • "Cap rate" is short for lease capitalization rate. This is a measure that is used to determine the annual return generated from lease payments in relation to the purchase price of a property.
How do we decide which properties to purchase?
  • We make decisions based on the

    1. Tenant's credit profile,
    2. The type of industry the tenant operates in,
    3. The economic characteristics of the property location, and
    4. The individual location profitability
    5. Properties that are well located with attractive demographics relative to the business of our tenant
    6. The price of the property
How do we fund property purchases?
    • To close transactions in a timely way we purchase properties for cash using our $1.5 billion acquisition credit facility with an additional $500 million available at the option of our banks.
    • We ultimately seek to permanently fund acquisitions by issuing common stock, preferred stock or long-term notes.
    • The type of funding we use to permanently finance acquisitions is determined based on market conditions.
Do we have rental increases built into our long-term leases?
    • Yes we do. We try to have rent increase provisions built into the majority of our leases
    • Rent increases are negotiated at the time the lease is agreed upon
    • Rent increases can vary based on the tenant's business and the lease agreement
    • Just because we have been successful for the past 45 years does not mean there are no risks. Please read about risk on the Risk page.
Where can I find information about lease expirations?
    • In our quarterly earnings press release we include a table that shows when our leases expire
    • The table breaks out first time lease expirations, called "Initial Lease Expirations," from leases that are expiring for the second time, or more, which are labeled "Subsequent Expirations"
    • This is important because subsequent lease expirations tend to produce more rent than the renewal for first lease expiration
    • Just because we have been successful for the past 45 years does not mean there are no risks. Please read about risk on the Risk page.
What does Realty Income do to protect itself from tenant financial problems?
    • Tenants periodically have financial and operating challenges. This is a normal part of the business of owning a large, diversified portfolio of commercial properties.
    • Our historical occupancy has never been below 98.3%, at year-end, during a variety of different operating environments
    • We strive to purchase real estate with attractive operating prospects and tenants with the long-term ability to pay rent. In order to find these properties and tenants:
      1. We engage in a rigorous review process and visit every property that we purchase
      2. We analyze tenant credit and industry characteristics
      3. We look for locations that are profitable so that the profits will be several times higher than the rent payments
    • This process has helped us weather a variety of economic conditions since the company began business in 1969
    • Just because we have been successful for the past 45 years does not mean there are no risks. Please read about risk on the Risk page
Investing Risks
"Remain diversified and rely on us for only a portion of your income needs"
- John Case, CEO
Questions & Answers
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